Halloween in the USA

 Property of blogs.timesofisrael.com

Property of blogs.timesofisrael.com

It is a difficult job to think about the best of my  topic in this year. There are lots of traditional events and I don’t think that anyone is better; all of them have their history and tradition. They represent a whole nation: United States. Because of this, instead of deciding which one is more important for the country I’m going to write about the one that  is important for me.

This important event didn’t occur this year jet. It is coming for the 31th of October. Yes, I’m talking about Halloween. This day is important for me because in Spain we don’t celebrate it as much as they do in United States. Here a few child can trick or treat or maybe some night clubs use the event as an excuse to bring people, but the truth is that people doesn’t celebrate it at all. Anyways they do honor their deceased in the following day.

In the U.S there is a real tradition. For children, dressing up and trick-or-treating door-to-door is the main event. Most households in the United States and Canada participate, and those who don’t run the risk of petty vandalism. Many adults dress up themselves, to go out with their children or to attend costume parties and contests. Million of candies are sell for that day. In the United States, Halloween lags just behind New Year’s Eve and the Super Bowl in total number of parties, and it’s second only to Christmas in total consumer dollars spent. But what is Halloween? How does everything started?

Evolving from the ancient Celtic holiday of Samhai Halloween appeared. The Celts used the day to mark the end of the harvest season and the beginning of winter, and also believed that this transition between the seasons was a bridge to the world of the dead.  Over the millennia the holiday transitioned from a somber pagan ritual to a day of merriment, costumes, parades and sweet treats for children and adults.

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“THE WAR IS OVER”

Last April 1, took place the 75th anniversary of the end of the Spanish Civil War. Maybe it was not the most celebrated day this year; however the war caused a strong impact on Spain, not only culturally but politically, socially and economically. This is the reason why this date must be remembered once in a while and should be mentioned, at least, on the 75th anniversary pf its ending.

Seeing the political division that the II Republic was having at that time, part of the army agreed to do a coup d’état that finally took place the night of July 17 to 18 of 1936. This action led into a war, that lasted for three years (from July 17 of 1936 to April 1 of 1939), between the people that were in favor of the coup (called nationals) and those who supported the State (called republicans).

Image owned by Info Guerra Civil

Image owned by Info Guerra Civil

The disunity on the republican’s side led into disaster and on April 1 of 1939, Fernando Fernández de Córdoba proclaimed the victory of the nationals on Spain´s National Radio whith this message “Today, being captive and unarmed the Red Army, national troops have reached their last military objectives. War is over”. The document that he red was signed by Francisco Franco, who became dictator of the country from that date until his death on November 20 of 1975.

The war led 268.000 deaths taking on account warriors, international militias and civils on both sides. This is one of the reasons why the Civil War is considered the worst disaster on Spain’s history of the XX century, also the dictatorship that came afterwards was based on oppression, fear and death for the non-supporters of the leading party, which considered itself as fascist.

The 1st of April of 1939 meant the end of a war but also the begging of a regime based on despotism that finally ended on 1975 with Franco´s death and the instauration of democracy with Adolfo Suarez.

VENEZUELA & BASEBALL – Topic of 2014

We already talked about how Venezuelans situation is probably the most known news about the country in the pasts years, but we will not talk about it again instead we will talk about Venezuelan Baseball since it is also a ranging subject since the season for this year has started!

There are many things that make up culture. Music, dances, food and also sports. Usually people think that in Latin American countries what is most important in sports is soccer, which in some way, it is true. In Venezuela soccer takes a lot of importance and is very cultural but even more than soccer there is baseball. To give an example, to those who know how important football (Futbol Americano) is to the United States, that’s how important baseball is to Venezuela.

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On the left the Magallanes Logo and on the right the Leones Logo. Picture owned by: Toonspot

Baseball in Venezuela is huge. It is the number one topic now and probably holds that standard always. Venezuelan baseball players are one of the best. In Venezuela there are two main baseball teams: Los Leones and Los Magallanes. Los Leones is the team of Caracas, which is Venezuelan’s capital. Los Magallanes are from Valencia. These two are the main baseball teams in Venezuela.

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Luis Aparicio. Picture owned by: SiBCI

Our teams have won several of the Caribbean Series. In the Baseball World Cup they won la Serie Mundial de Aficionados in 1942 and many more.  They also won in the baseball tournament at the Pan American Games.

Some of the greatest figures in Venezuelan baseball are: Alfonso Carrasquel, Ceasar Tóvar, Andres Galagarra and Luis Aparicio (who made it to the National Baseball Wall of Fame).

Right now, the 2014-2015 season games are taking place. So Venezuelans are very up to date with the games that are going on right now. The team plays nearly every day from now to December. There are hundreds of tweets going out every single game and posts on Facebook of the excited fans. People are excited, baseball is back!

Venezuela comes alive when baseball season starts.

Baseball. Venezuelans pride. 

193 ANNIVERSARY

With events like 15 thousand torches lit places and locations that will tour the country, the hoisting of the national flag, a festival and a ceremony headed by President Otto Pérez Molina, Guatemalan get ready to commemorate the 193 anniversary of the independence. caminata

The celebration for the Day of the Fatherland began Sunday when a popular celebration is held in the Constitution Square, center of the capital, and will close the evening with a civic ceremony attended by the President and Vice President.

On Monday 15 September the ruling, accompanied by Cabinet officials, military officers and members of the diplomatic corps installed from one at the main entrance of the National Palace of Culture, the traditional parade of school bands scenario.
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The authorities of the Standing Committee of the National Independence Celebrations, chaired by the Ministry of the Interior (MINGOB) organized civic celebrations for the anniversary in which the country is imagesdecked.

After the rehearsal, Sunday patriotic celebration activities conducted at 8:00 pm in the Plaza del Obelisco for lighting torches.

President Pérez Molina and vice Baldetti light in the Constitution Square fire cauldron, where about 15,000 torches schools, neighborhoods and communities of the interior light.

The leaders  then participated in the solemn Te Deum Mass at the Metropolitan Cathedral and from the balcony of the National Palace of Culture witness the raising of the flag that is in charge of cadets Knights of the Polytechnic School.

On September 15, the civic parade  made against the National Palace, with the participation of 80 school bands, which will end the celebration of the 193 Years of Independence Guatemala the Spanish Crown.

guatemala-independencia-300x224Meanwhile, in the Patio de la Paz’s Old Government House an employers fair  performed with the display of a carousel, the Ferris wheel and sweets accompanied by two marimba groups who performed tunes like Railway high.

Guatemala celebrated in 2014 the 193 anniversary of the indepence and it was important for every citizen. it meant freedom for everyone.